Heteromeles arbutifolia, the California holly, is an evergreen shrub native to chaparral habitats of Southern California that fruits from November to January. Fruit species morphology has been shown to be a good indicator of habitat quality among other plants. The variation in fruit morphology was examined for the native plant at two diverse Southern California sites, a wetland and a canyon. California Holly fruits had a significantly greater volume in Ballona Wetlands than at Temescal Canyon (Z= 4.367, P
Carmona, Victor D.; Simmons, Phil; Vo, Elise; and Wight, Elizabeth, "A Preliminary Study of Heteromeles Arbutifolia Fruit Morphology at Ballona Wetlands and Temescal Canyon, Los Angeles, California" (2011). Biology Faculty Works. 13.