Article - pre-print
Protective behavioral strategies (PBS) are skills that can be used to reduce the of risk alcohol-related negative consequences. Studies have shown that, in general, PBS are related to less alcohol consumption and fewer negative consequences; however, other studies have suggested that not all types of PBS (e.g., stopping/limiting drinking [SLD], manner of drinking [MOD] and serious harm reduction [SHR]) are equally effective at reducing alcohol risk. In addition, few studies have explored the longitudinal relationships among PBS, alcohol use and consequences. Using a sample of heavy drinking college students (N = 338), the current study examined PBS use, alcohol consumption and consequences across two time points three months apart. Cross-lagged panel models revealed that MOD predicted a reduction in alcohol use and negative consequences. SHR was longitudinally related to fewer negative consequences, but unrelated to alcohol use. SLD was not associated with drinking or consequences at follow-up. These results highlight the need for future research to examine the effects of different types of PBS and have implications for alcohol intervention programs that incorporate PBS skills training.
This is an author-manuscript of an article accepted for publication in Addictive Behaviors following peer review. The version of record: Napper, L. E., Kenney, S. R., Lac, A., Lewis, L. J., & LaBrie, J. W. (2014). A Cross-Lagged Panel Model Examining Protective Behavioral Strategies: Are Types of Strategies Differentially Related to Alcohol Use and Consequences? Addictive Behaviors, 39(2), 480–486 is available online at: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.020.
Napper, L. E., Kenney, S. R., Lac, A., Lewis, L. J., & LaBrie, J. W. (2014). A Cross-Lagged Panel Model Examining Protective Behavioral Strategies: Are Types of Strategies Differentially Related to Alcohol Use and Consequences? Addictive Behaviors, 39(2), 480–486. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.addbeh.2013.10.020