Based on in-depth interviews with over ten major banks and financial corporations in the USA, Europe, and South America, this paper identifies the main reasons for the more effective post-merger integration strategy of European and South American banks than that of their US counterparts. Overall, we found that human resource managers are essential to the M&A integration process in Europe and South America owing to the influence of labour laws in those regions. In particular, substantial differences were noted in the retention strategy and negotiation process regarding compensation between the USA and both European and South American banks.
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Paik, Youngsun and Jennifer S. Belcher (2012). Key HRM strategies for M&A integration in the global banking industry: a comparative study of the USA, Europe and South America. European J. of International Management, Vol.6, No.6, pp.676 - 696.