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The collective behaviors of coupled, stochastically excitable elements subjected to global periodic forcing are investigated numerically and analytically. We show that the whole system undergoes a period-doubling bifurcation as the driving period decreases, while the individual elements still exhibit random excitations. Using a mean-field representation, we show that this macroscopic bifurcation behavior is caused by interactions between the random excitation, the refractory period, and recruitment (spatial cooperativity) of the excitable elements.

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Rovetti, Robert [et al]. (2009) "Period-Doubling Bifurcation in an Array of Coupled Stochastically Excitable Elements Subjected to Global Periodic Forcing." Physical Review Letters 103, 044102.

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