As cities are largely private systems, recent investigations have assessed the provision of ecosystem services from the private realm. However, these assessments are largely based on the concept of ownership and fail to capture the complexity of service provision mediated by interactions between people and ecological structures. In fact, people interact with ecological structures in their role of land tenants and stewards, further modulating the provision of ecosystem services. We devise a theoretical framework based on the concepts of ownership, tenancy, and stewardship, in which people, as mediators of ecosystem services, regulate the provision of services throughout the private-social-public domain. We survey relevant literature describing these dimensions and propose a comprehensive framework focused on the private-social-public domain. Our framework can advance ecosystem service research and enhance the provision of ecosystems services. The inclusion of people’s individual, social and public roles in the mediation of ecosystem services could improve how benefits are planned for, prioritized, and optimized across cities.
Ossola, Alessandro; Schifman, Laura; Herrmann, Dustin L.; Garmestani, Ahjond S.; Schwarz, Kirsten; and Hopton, Matthew E.
"The Provision of Urban Ecosystem Services Throughout the Private-Social-Public Domain: A Conceptual Framework,"
Cities and the Environment (CATE):
1, Article 5.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/cate/vol11/iss1/5