This study traces the evolution of eight influential American environmental organizations and their relationship with, and conceptualizations of, ‘the city’ and ‘nature.’ Guided by the ecosystem services framework, the organizations’ urban-based initiatives were analyzed to determine what types of ecosystem services they emphasized and what the implications are for cities and environmental health. Results from historical, content, and interview analyses reveal the potential of the ecosystem services framework to unite the interests and efforts of multiple stakeholders, including urbanists, ecologists, economists, and environmentalists in a way that enhances both urban quality of life and conservation efforts overall.
Ibes, Dorothy C.
"American Environmentalism and the City: An Ecosystem Services Perspective,"
Cities and the Environment (CATE):
1, Article 7.
Available at: https://digitalcommons.lmu.edu/cate/vol4/iss1/7