The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on the Nation’s Schools

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In response to growing concerns about the impact of harsh immigration enforcement policy since the 2016 presidential campaign, we examined its overall impact on the nation’s schools, using survey data completed by over 3,600 educators across the country. Our study results show that immigration enforcement is affecting all students—both those from immigrant homes and those that are not. In particular, Title I schools are the most affected by immigration enforcement. Our results also show that the higher the percentage of White students, the more educators reported immigrant students being exposed to a hostile, anti-immigrant environment. We conclude that the current policy of immigration enforcement significantly dismantles an equitable education for all students and creates a critical threat to their futures.


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Recommended Citation

Ee, Jongyeon, and Patricia Gándara. “The Impact of Immigration Enforcement on the Nation’s Schools.” American Educational Research Journal, vol. 57, no. 2, Apr. 2020, pp. 840–871, doi:10.3102/0002831219862998.