Date of Award


Access Restriction

Campus Access only Theses

Degree Name

Master of Arts


Counseling Psychology

School or College

Bellarmine College of Liberal Arts


The ever-increasing use of computers and the Internet has generated a wide variety of available user interfaces for navigating software applications. Icons interfaces may be animated or static and incorporate graphics and/or text. This study examined participants' experience, defined as time spent on computers and self-reported computer skill, versus time spent watching television and/or film and time spent reading for predicting participants' icon preference. All participants liked graphic icons more than text icons, and that those with lower levels of time using computers and self-reported computer knowledge preferred all icons more than those with higher levels of time and knowledge. Neither experience based on time on computers nor self-reported skill was found to be a significant predictor of icon preference. Time spent watching television and/or film and time spent reading were not found to be significant predictors of icon preference.