Date of Award


Access Restriction

Campus Access only Theses

Degree Name

Master of Arts


Counseling Psychology

School or College

Bellarmine College of Liberal Arts


Two drug use models (Risk Factor Model and Social Stress Model) were examined for their predictive value in the identification of risk factors for drug use among lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender (LGBT) youth populations. A convenience sample of 293 LGBT youth were surveyed in conjunction with a series of social events sponsored by Project Y.E.S. (Youth Empowerment Strategies), a Los Angeles based program designed to prevent substance abuse, and its related issues, for LGBT youth. Four independent variables were identified: homelessness, stress from family, stress from within the gay and lesbian community and ethnic identity. The variables were tested for predictive value relating to drug use. Results indicated that homelessness and ethnic identity were valid predictors of drug use for LGBT youth. Results are discussed in terms of practical application for prevention and early intervention, as well as implications for future research.