Date of Completion
The Double Handcuff and K4 graphs can be generalized to a single family of spatial graphs by adding a variable number of twists between two edges. We can identify spatial graphs by calculating a quotient of the fundamental quandle, known as an N-quandle, which is a spatial graph invariant. In this paper, we prove that the N-quandle associated with this family of spatial graphs is finite when all but two edges are given a label of 2, and the remaining two edges are assigned labels from the natural numbers. To prove that the N-quandle is finite, we produce Cayley graphs for each of the N-quandle components, providing corresponding proofs and analysis.
Backer-Peral, Veronica, "Finite N-Quandles of Twisted Double Handcuff and Complete Graph" (2022). Honors Thesis. 438.