In recent decades, individuals and couples facing the issue of infertility have been able to achieve parenthood through advances in assisted reproductive technology (ART), such as embryo donation. This Article evaluates the current law governing embryo donation, considers the different approaches courts and legislatures have taken to regulate embryo donation, and advocates for an approach that best balances the policy arguments underlying those approaches. Ultimately, this Article argues that contract law, rather than laws surrounding adoption, should govern embryo donations. This Article further argues that state legislatures should clarify the effectiveness of contract law within the field of embryo donation by defining embryos as property for purposes of contract law and establishing requirements associated with clinical consent forms that ensure that ART patients make informed and binding decisions about embryo disposition prior to undergoing treatment.
Noah Geldberg, Zygote Zeitgeist: Legal Complexities in the Expanding Practice of Embryo Donation, 49 LOY. L.A. L. REV. 813 (2016).