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The goal of this study was to examine the influence of visual, auditory, and kinesthetic delivery modes of Franklin Method images (anatomical bone rhythms, metaphorical image, and tactile aid, respectively) on the performance of college dancers’ Plié Arabesques by assessing its influence on three measures: plié depth; maintenance of rotation; and simultaneous use of hip, knee, and ankle (Tri-fold). Eighteen participants performed a series of Plié Arabesques during three visits over a period of two months; at each visit, pliés were performed before and after an image intervention, and the change in mean Likert scale rating was calculated for each measure. In 130 out of 162 ratings, Plié Arabesque scores were higher following the image interventions. Based on t-test comparisons, the visual mode produced significant positive improvement for all three measures (p≤0.001 for each), while the kinesthetic mode produced increased ratings for the Rotation (p=0.012) and Tri-fold (p=0.019) measures. The auditory mode was associated with increased ratings in the Tri-fold measure only (p

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Heiland, T., Rovetti R, and Dunn, J. (2012). "Effects of Visual, Auditory, and Kinesthetic Imagery Interventions on Dancer's Plie Arabesques." Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity 7.

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Journal of Imagery Research in Sport and Physical Activity. Volume 7, Issue 1, ISSN (Online) 1932-0191, DOI: 10.1515/1932-0191.1065, November 2012