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When it comes to the integration of positive psychology and the psychology of religion/spirituality (R/S), there are three second-order, philosophical questions that need answering: Can these two fields be integrated? Should these two fields be integrated? And, if so, how is it best to integrate these two fields? Although this chapter touches on the logical and normative questions, it is the third, methodological question that receives the greatest attention. We argue that although, from a philosophical perspective, there are no methodological barriers to integrating these two subfields, there is a methodological bonanza in their integration. The golden opportunity is for integrative researchers to abandon a methodological exclusivism that privileges the research methods of the natural sciences in favor of a methodological pluralism that critically engages the philosophical schools and religious/spiritual traditions within which features of human well-being and religious/spiritual life are located. This more eclectic epistemology will provide a broader evidential basis for integrative conclusions and will help connect those conclusions to the realities and complexities of human lives.

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