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Recent studies investigating the role of candidate sex in voter decison-making have not found discrimination against women candidates. Thus, voter bias is often dismissed as part of the explanation for the drastic underrepresentation of women in high elective office. In a dual sample of Wyoming and California college students, bias against women candidates was found to be a factor in the vote choice. Studies that examine only one sample of voters in one region may be prematurely dismissng the possible existence of gender discrimination in some regions or cultures within the United States.
Fox, Richard L., and Eric R. A. N. Smith. “The Role of Candidate Sex in Voter Decision-Making.” Political Psychology, vol. 19, no. 2, 1998, pp. 405–419.