In the past decade, the Japanese government has revamped its budget institutions twice. This paper examines how these changes have changed the configuration of power among the actors in the budget process. It also explores the implications of these changes for the management of the nation's finances.
Gene Park. “The Politics of Budgeting in Japan: How Much Do Institutions Matter?” Asian Survey, vol. 50, no. 5, Oct. 2010, pp. 965–989.