Pope John Paul II published Ex Corde Ecclesiae, his apostolic constitution on Catholic higher education, on August 15, 1990. As requested by Ex Corde Ecclesiae, U.S. bishops developed an application of that document for the United States during the remainder of the decade. On May 3, 2000, the Vatican approved what the bishops submitted. This article highlights the issues and actions associated with the development of the U.S. application.

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